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Pranayam

Pranayam

PRANAYAM

PRANAYAM - ‘Prana’ breath, "Ayam", to give direction, to restrain or to spread , to stop i.e. to control of the life force by controlling the normal breathing cycle. Evils are destroyed by Pranayam.It is essential for purification of mind and body. Pran is not only the air; it is the vital energy in the air which makes us alive.

- For living we need, FOOD, WATER & AIR.

ROULE OF THREES – 3 weeks without food, 3 days without water ,                  3 minutes without  oxygen person cannot survive.

Expulsion of waste product, Toxins –

STOOLS – Solid Waste

URINE – Liquid waste

PERSPIRATION – liquid waste  

AIR – Air waste and …….. TOXINS OF MIND

1) Stools we pass once or twice a day so it is least important.

2) URINE we pass 6-10 times per day. Little more important than Stools.

3) PERSPIRATION is a twenty four hours process from the skin which is the biggest organ of the body and more important than urination.

4) AIR is also 24 hour’s inhalation and exhalation process. Maximum purification is done by air i.e. respiration. It can cause physical & mental purification .Therefore in Yoga we give maximum importance to Pranayams.

NOTE- Do accurate posture physically. Feel with concentration on the affected body parts.  With inhalation which carry oxygen, environmental energy to the exact locations. Then exhale while coming to normal position. It will help to remove toxins, excessive deposition from the affected body organs.

a)   Pranayam includes controlling the inhalation (Poorak), Exhalation (Rachak) and stopping of breathing (Kumbhak). Three types of Kumbhak are Antrik Kumbhak, Bhaiya Kumbhak & Madhya Kumbhak.

b)   There are four types of breathing ;

i)             Chest breathing.

ii)            Abdomen breathing.

iii)          Chest Abdomen breathing

iv)          Abdomen chest breathing

c)   Subdivision of Pran Vayu;                                                                 

1)Prana vayu; pervades the region from throat to the heart. It helps in the downward flow of breath.                                                               

2)Apana Vayu; located below the naval region. It strengthens the large intestine and helps in the expulsion of wastes like urine and stools.                

 3)Samana Vayu; It pervades the region between the heart and the naval. It controls the digestive organs.                                                                                                      

4)Udana Vayu; pervades the region from the throat to the brain. It controls sense organs & brain.                                                                 

5)Vyan Vayu;  pervades the entire human body . It coordinates all the Vayus and other centers of energy & the extremities which keeps proper balance of the body.

According to the  Rigveda, nadi means  “stream,”  The Sanskrit  word nad, means “movement.” Nadis transport various subtle energies throughout the body. They operate like channels, or a delivery system, from the chakras to whole body.

Controlling the flow of pran vayu from nadis, Ida and Pingla i.e. breathe through left & right nostrils are Pranaym.

The flow of pran vayu through the left nostril is done by IDA OR CHANDRA NADI – LUNAR  -                                                                                                                      - Provide the cool effect                                                                                                  - Control the left side of the body                                                                                    - Static                                                                                                                          - Passive not active physically                                                                                         - It affects mental level  . Mentally impressionable                                                             - Feminine character                                                                                                     - It carries the energy of caring, love, devotion and emotion.                                             - It controls the thoughts                                                                                                 - It gives the BHAKTI YOG Quality.

When it is disrupted or out of balance people become extreme Emotional, Psychic sensitive, suffer from Insomnia, fears, and nightmares.  

If uniformed, it removes the anxiety, nervousness, Hurriedness, Restlessness, Stress, Hyperactivity in children, Autistic children etc. It gives the calmness, quietness, relaxation. 

The flow of Prana Vayu through the right nostril is done by the PINGLA OR SURYA NADI – SOLAR                                                                                                                          - Provides the heat effect                                                                                                - Controls the right side of the body                                                                                - Dynamic                                                                                                                    - Active Physically                                                                                                          - Acts on Physical level                                                                                                  - Masculine character

      - It governs motivation, ambition, will power                                                                       - Multiple thoughts                                                                                                         - Desire for deeper spiritual knowledge. It creates the tendency towards GYAN YOG              OR RAJ YOG.                                                                                                    An imbalanced PINGLA NADI creates the tendency to anger, excess ambition, egoistic, and self centered behavior .It removes the dullness, sluggishness to activate the mind and body.                                                                                                                          In Paralysis to activates the nervous system.                                                            Hemiplegia Right side of the body, breathing through left nostril while concentrating on left hemisphere of the brain.Hemiplegia left side of the body, breathing through right nostril while concentrating on right Hemisphere of the brain.

     The flow of the Pran Vayu through these two NADIES meets in the SUSHUMNA NADI which exists in naso-pharynx. This is the central canal having the neutral effect; it controls and balances the other two NADIS. SUSHUMNA NADI provides light and knowledge giving SATVIK GUNA. It is also called SARSWATI OR SHAKTI NADISUSHUMNA NADI descends down to turn into MANOVAHINI NADI which is situated behind sternum near heart. This is to be concentrated at the time of PRAYER position at the time of meditation to control MAN (mind).

      Pranayam is to affect the proper balance between IDA and PINGLA and to gain spiritual upliftment through the attainment of light and knowledge from the SUSHUMNA NADI.

      You have to learn BANDHS (Jalanda Bandh , Udyaan Bandh  and  Mool Bandh )            

        to do pranayams.

1- SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM is inhale slowly and exhales forcefully.       (For very Cleaning and Purification)

2- SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM is forceful inhalation and forceful exhalation. (Very Refreshing with new fresh air i.e. pran vayu)

3- PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM is inhalation and exhalation by Meditational breathings as explained in Sudarshan Chakra Meditation 4rth step.Enter for Activation with positive energy for all optimal sensation and function) ( shakti vikasak )                                                                            

PRANAYAMS                                           

1-Surya SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM - Purification – Pranayam Mudra

2-Surya SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM – Refreshing

3-Surya PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM – Activation with positive energy

4-Surya Anulaom Pranayam   -   Activation with positive energy 

 

5-Chandra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM – Purification

6-Chandra SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM - Refreshing

7-Chandra PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM - Activation with positive energy

8-Chandra Anulaom Pranayam - Activation with positive energy

 

 

9-Sushumna SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM Pranayam

10-Sushumna SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM

11-Sushumna PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM

 

SAPTCHAKRA PRANAYAMS

 

12-Sahastra Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM – Opposite Anjali mudra

13-Sahastra Chakra SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM

14-Sahastra Chakra PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM

 

15-Aagya Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM – Opposite anjali mudra

16-Aagya Chakra SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM

17-Agya Chakra PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM

 

18-Vishuddhi Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM – Opposite anjali mudra

19-Vishuddhi Chakra SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM

20-Vishuddhi Chakra PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM

 

21-Anahat Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM – stretch chest towards back

22-Anahat Chakra SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM

23-Anahat Chakra PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM

 

24-Manipurak Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM

25-Manipurak Chakra SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM

26-Manipurak Chakra PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM

27-Deep Manipurak Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM

28-Vilom Manipurak Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM

 

29-Swadisthan Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM –

      Ling mudra , Yoni mudra

30-Swaidsthan Chakra SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM

31-Swaidsthan Chakra PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM

 

32-Mooladhar Chakra SANSHUDDHI PRANAYAM - Apan Mudra

33-Mooladhar Chakra SHISHIRTAR PRANAYAM

34-Mooladhar Chakra PRAVISHTI PRANAYAM

 

35-Anulom Vilom Pranayam

36-Swachalit Anulom Vilom Pranayam 

37-Narishodhan Pranayam

38-Sheetli Pranayam

39-Sheetkari Pranayam

 

40-Ujjayee Pranayam

a)   Vishuddhi Chakra Ujjayee Pranayam

i)             Slow Continuous – Shankh ki dwani

ii)            Fast Rhythm – Dunky and pegion sound

b)   Agya Chakra Ujjayee Pranayam ( Snoring )

i)             Slow Continuous

ii)            Fast Rhythm

       

41-Bhramri Pranayam

a)   Sahastra Chakra Bhramri Pranayam – vibration on vertex

b)   Agya Chakra Bhramri Pranayam – blocking nose

c)   Vishudhi Chakra Bhramri Pranayam – blocking throat

 

 

42-Bhahiya Pranayam / Tribandh Mudra

 

43-Angshakti Vikasak Sanshuddhi Pranayam ,Shishirtar Pranayam

      & Pravishti Pranayam

     a)Eyes Concentration Breathing

     b)Forehead Concentration Breathing

     c)Brain concentration Breathing

     d)Midbrain& Pituitary Gland Concentration Breathing

     e)Spinal & Nervous System Concentration breathing above downwards.

     f)Chakras Concentration breathing below upwards

 44-Moorchhit Pranayam

45-Relaxed Chest Breathing

46-Relaxed Abdomen Breathing

47-Yogic Breathing

a)   Relaxed Chest Abdomen Breathing

b)   Relaxed Abdomen Chest Breathing &n