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Pranayam

Pranayam

PRANAYAM

PRANAYAM - ‘Prana’ breath, "Ayam", to give direction, to restrain or stop i.e. to control of the life force by controlling the normal breathing cycle. Evils are destroyed by Pranayam.It is essential for purification of mind and body. Pran is not only the air; it is the vital energy in the air which makes us alive.

- For living we need, FOOD, WATER & AIR.

- Expulsion of waist product, Toxins – STOOLS, URINE, PERSPIRATION & AIR.

1)Stools we pass once or twice a day so it is least important.

2)URINE we pass 6-10 times per day. Little more important than Stools.

3)PERSPIRATION is a twenty four hours process from the skin which is the biggest organ of the body and more important than urination.

4)AIR is also 24 hour’s inhalation and exhalation process. Maximum purification is done by air i.e. respiration. It can cause physical & mental purification .Therefore in Yoga we give maximum importance to

NOTE- Do accurate posture physically. Feel with concentration on the affected body parts.  With inhalation which carry oxygen, environmental energy to the exact locations. Then exhale with coming to normal position. It will help to remove toxins, excessive deposition from the affected body organs.

a)    Pranayam includes controlling the inhalation (Poorak), Exhalation (Rachak) and stopping of breathing (Kumbhak). Three types of Kumbhak are Antrik Kumbhak, Bhaiya Kumbhak & Madhya Kumbhak.

b)    There are four types of breathing ;

i)             Chest breathing.

ii)            Abdomen breathing.

iii)           Chest Abdomen breathing

iv)           Abdomen chest breathing

c)    Subdivision of Pran Vayu;                                                                 

1)Prana vayu; pervades the region from throat to the heart. It helps in the downward flow of breath.                                                               

2)Apana Vayu; located below the naval region. It strengthens the large intestine and helps in the expulsion of wastes like urine and stools.                

 3)Samana Vayu; It pervades the region between the heart and the naval. It controls the digestive organs .                                                                                                     

4)Udana Vayu; pervades the region from the throat to the brain. It controls sense organs & brain.                                                                  

5)Vyan Vayu;  pervades the entire human body . It coordinates all the  Vayus and other centers of energy & the extremities which keeps proper balance of the body.

Controlling the flow of pran vayu from nadis, Ida and Pingla i.e. breathe through left & right nostrils. The flow of pran vayu through the left nostril is done by IDA OR CHANDRA NADI which gives the cool effect and control the left side of the body. It carries the energy of caring, love, devotion and emotion. It controls the thoughts. It gives the BHAKTI YOG Quality. When it is disrupted or out of balance people become extreme emotional, Psychic sensitive, suffer from insomnia, fears, and nightmares.   If uniformed, it removes the anxiety, nervousness, Horridness, Restlessness, Stress, Hyperactivity in children etc. It gives the calmness, quietness, relaxation. 

The flow of Prana Vayu through the right nostril is done by the PINGLA OR SURYA NADI which provides the heat effect and controls the right side of the body. It governs motivation, ambition, will power, and desire for deeper spiritual knowledge. It creates the tendency towards GYAN YOG OR RAJ YOG. An imbalanced PINGLA NADI creates the tendency to anger, excess ambition, egoistic, and self centered behavior .It removes the dullness, sadness, to activate the mind and body.

In Paralysis to activates the nervous system. Hemiplegia Right side of the body , breathing through left nostril while concentrating on left hemisphere of the brain . Hemiplegia left side of the body , breathing through right nostril while concentrating on right Hemisphere of the brain.

     The flow of the Pran Vayu through these two NADIES meets in the body , SUSHUMNA NADI is supposed to exist there . This is the central canal having the neutral effect; it controls and balances the other two NADIS. SUSHUMNA NADI provides light and knowledge giving SATVIK GUNA. It is also called SARSWATI OR SHAKTI NADISUSHUMNA NADI descends down to turn into MANOVAHINI NADI which is situated behind sternum near heart. This is to be concentrated at the time of PRAYER position at the time of meditation to control MAN (mind).

      Pranayam is to affect the proper balance between IDA and PINGLA and to gain spiritual upliftment through the attainment of light and knowledge from the SUSHUMNA NADI.

      You have to learn BANDHS (Jalanda Bandh , Udyaan Bandh and                                                                                  Mool Bandh )  to do pranayams.

 

                                                                            

DIFFERENT PRANAYAMS                                          

1-Surya Kapalbhati Pranayam  - Purification

2-Surya Bhastrika  Pranayam – Refreshing

3-Surya Bhedi Pranayam – Activation with positive energy

4-Surya Anulaom Pranayam        

 

5-Chandra Kapalbhati Pranayam

6-Chandra Bhastrika Pranayam

7-Chandrabhedi Pranayam

8-Chandra Anulaom Pranayam    

 

9-Sushumna Kaplabhati Pranayam

10-Sushumna Bhastrika Pranayam

11-Sushumnabhedi Pranayam

 

SAPTCHAKRA PRANAYAMS

12-Sahastra Chakra Kaplabhati Pranayam

13-Sahastra Chakra Bhastrika Pranayam

14-Sahastra Chakrabhedi Pranayam

 

15-Aagya Chakra Kaplabhati Pranayam

16-Aagya Chakra Bhastrika Pranayam

17-Agya Chakrabhedi Pranayam

 

18-Vishuddhi Chakra Kaplabhati Pranayam

19-Vishuddhi Chakra Bhastrika Pranayam

20-Vishuddhi Chakrabhedi Pranayam

 

21-Anahat Chakra Kapalbhati Pranayam

22-Anahat Chakra Bhastrika Pranayam

23-Anahat Chakrabhedi Pranayam

 

24-Manipurak Chakra Kapalbhati Pranayam

25-Manipurak Chakra Bhastrika Pranayam

26-Manipurak Chakrabhedi Pranayam

27-Deep Manipurak Chakra Kapalbhati Pranayam

28-Vilom Manipurak Chakra Kapalbhati Pranayam   

 

29-Swadisthan Chakra Kapalbhati Pranayam

30-Swaidsthan Chakra Bhastrika Pranayam

31-Swaidsthan Chakrabhedi Pranayam

 

32-Mooladhar Chakra Kapalbhati Pranayam

33-Mooladhar Chakra Bhastrika Pranayam

34-Mooladhar Chakrabhedi Pranayam

 

35-Anulom Vilom Pranayam

36-Swachalit Anulom Vilom Pranayam 

37-Narishodhan Pranayam

38-Sheetli Pranayam

39-Sheetkari Pranayam

 

40-Ujjayee Pranayam

a)    Vishuddhi Chakra Ujjayee Pranayam

i)             Slow Continuous

ii)            Fast Rhythm

b)    Agya Chakra Ujjayee Pranayam ( Snoring )

i)             Slow Continuous

ii)            Fast Rhythm

       

41-Bhramri Pranayam

a)    Sahastra Chakra Bhramri Pranayam

b)    Agya Chakra Bhramri Pranayam

c)    Vishudhi Chakra Bhramri Pranayam

 

 

42-Bhahiya Pranayam / Tribandh Mudra

 

43-Angshakti Vikasak Pranayam

     a)Relaxed Eyes Concentration Breathing

     b)Relaxed Forehead Concentration Breathing

     c)Relaxed Brain concentration Breathing

     d)Relaxed Midbrain& Pituitary Gland Concentration Breathing

     e)Relaxed Spinal & Nervous System Concentration breathing above downwards.

     f)Relaxed Chakras Concentration breathing below upwards

44-Moorchhit Pranayam

 

45-Relaxed Chest Breathing

46-Relaxed Abdomen Breathing

47-Yogic Breathing

a)    Relaxed Chest Abdomen Breathing

b)    Relaxed Abdomen Chest Breathing     

48-Udgeet Pranayam  Methods of Chanting of OM

1- Divide your breath in three parts & concentrate in division

A- First part says Aooooooo

B - Second Part Say Ooooooo

C – Third Part Say Mmmmmm

2- Concentrate at WORD OM or OM PARVAT while chanting of OM

3 – Concentrate in WRITING OF OM SLOWLY

4 – Concentrate at organs creating voice of OM. Create vibrations & feel.

A - Aoooo - feel vibration at throat pit, vocal cord, and larynx.

B - Ooooo - Feel vibration at buccal Cavity and cheeks

C - Mmmmm – Feel vibration on lips.

These organs are activated, refreshed with good blood supply.

Diseases like Tonsillitis , Throat infection , Bad breath, Acnes on face , Sunken face will improve with Glow on face.

5 - Concentrate, pour deep with loud voice & feeling of vibration.

A - Aoooo – at stomach, epigastrium.

B -  Ooooo – at chest.

C - Mmmm – at Head, vertex, crown of head.

Activate stomach, heart, lungs and brain

6 - More vibration with very less sound which is to be poured inside the body.

7 - Vibration with sound of Mmmmmmm with closed mouth with silent chanting of OM Like in brahamri Pranayam.

8 - Say OM silently while inhalation & Say OM silently while exhalation.

9 - Say OM while concentrating in all chakras i.e. Mooladhar chakra , Swadhisthan chakra Manipurank Chakra , Anahat Chakra, Vishudhi Chakra , Agya Chakra , Sahastra Chakra or Bhramrandra.

10 - Say OM while concentrating on whole spine from down to upward from Coccyx, Sacrum, Lumbar, Thoracic, Cervical, Mid brain, Cerebrum.

11 – Say OM with chest breathing.

12 – Say OM with abdomen breathing.

13 – Say OM with chest abdomen breathing.

14 – Say OM with Abdomen chest breathing.

15 – Say OM with tribandh mudra in the end of OM.